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Michael Code

Department of law
University of Toronto


Michael Code is 66 years old. He was born and raised in Western Canada and came to Toronto in 1969 for his university education. He received three degrees from the University of Toronto: a B.A. in 1972; an LLB in 1976; and an LLM in 1991. His legal career was initially devoted to criminal and constitutional litigation and later expanded to include other areas of public law. He has worked as defence counsel, Crown counsel and Assistant Deputy Attorney-General, law professor and writer, and counsel to various public entities such as the B.C., Ontario, Manitoba and federal Ministries of the Attorney-General and the Ontario Court Judges’ Association. He was in private practice from 1981-1991 and from 1996 to 2005. Although he had an active trial practice, he is probably best known as an appellate lawyer, arguing many leading evidence, procedure and criminal law cases in the Supreme Court of Canada and the Court of Appeal for Ontario. He left private practice in 2005 and was appointed Assistant Professor of Law, teaching evidence law, criminal law, criminal procedure and professional ethics at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law, while engaged in various research and writing projects.

Research Interest

Canadian Constitutional Law Charter of Rights Comparative Constitutional Law Equality and Anti-Discrimination Law Law and Religion

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