Kieran McGowan is currently Chairman of Appian Asset Management. From 1990 until his retirement in December 1998, Mr. McGowan was chief executive of the Industrial Development Authority of Ireland. Up until May 2012, he was chairman of CRH plc, and has sat on the board of a number of private companies. He is a director of Charles Schwab Worldwide Funds plc. Mr. McGowan is also a past director of Elan Corporation plc from December 1998 to its sale to Perrigo Company in December 2013. He has served as president of the Irish Management Institute and has chaired the Governing Authority at University College Dublin. Mr. McGowan is also a member of the panel of scientific and corporate advisory partners of BPI.