State Doctorate of Economics on Development Problems, 1993. Graduate Diploma in Economics, 1985/86. Diploma in Sociology, awarded Berlin by the German Foundation for International Development (Deutsche Striftung for Internationale Enttwicklung), 1987. Graduate Diploma in the Intensive Peace Education Course awarded Geneva (Helvetic Federation) in 1989 by the "International Peace Research Institute Geneva" in association with the "United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research". Master in Translation (English / French / Arabic) awarded by the Superior School of Translation of King Fahd of Tangier, 2010.
His research interests are in the field of Economics