Wolfgang Nickl joined ASML in December 2013 as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer and was appointed as member of ASML’s Board of Management after notification of the general meeting of shareholders held on April 23, 2014. Previously, Wolfgang Nickl was executive vice president and chief financial officer at Western Digital. He was responsible for Western Digital's financial planning and analysis, operations finance for its HGST and WD subsidiaries, accounting, treasury, credit, tax, investor relations and internal audit functions. He also lead the company's market analysis and competitive intelligence groups. Prior to joining Western Digital, Nickl worked at IBM Global Services as a consultant for SAP costing and finance applications. Nickl holds a bachelor's degree in business from the University of Cooperative Education Stuttgart, Germany, where he received a full scholarship from IBM, and a master's degree of business administration from the University of Southern California.