Physics Experts

Dame Xiangqian (jane) Jiang Dbe

Precision Metrology
University of Huddersfield
United Kingdom

Dame Xiangqian (jane) Jiang Dbe


Dame Xiangqian (Jane) Jiang DBE, DSc, FREng is a Professor of Precision Metrology at the University of Huddersfield’s Centre for Precision Technologies. She is the Director of the EPSRC Future Metrology Hub and is the Renishaw/Royal Academy of Engineering Chair in Precision Metrology. In 2017 she was recognised in the Queen's Birthday Honours list and was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire for services to Engineering and Manufacturing. Jane started her career as an apprentice. She spent twenty years in the Chinese automotive industry moving from an apprentice to a qualified engineer. In 1990, Jane started her academic life as an MSc student in measurement science, and transferred directly to a PhD programme where she focused on measurement instruments research. Jane obtained her PhD in 1995 with a thesis entitled “Theory and method for measurement of curved surface topography”. In 1994-1995, she became a visiting scholar at the Measurement and Instrumentation Centre at City University with Professor Ken Grattan FREng. In 1996, Jane joined the Centre for Metrology at the University of Birmingham with the late Professor Kenneth Stout. In 1997, the research group moved to the University of Huddersfield, where the Centre for Precision Technologies was founded. She first worked as a Research Fellow on the development of standards for areal surface metrology. She was awarded a Chair in Precision Metrology in 2003 and a DSc for precision metrology in 2007. She became the Director of the EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Advanced Metrology in 2011 which ran until early 2017. She was awarded the Renishaw/Royal Academy Chair in Precision Metrology in 2016 and became the Director of the EPSRC Future Metrology Hub, one of eight EPSRC funded Future Manufacturing Research Hubs, in 2017. Jane’s research involves two major aspects: mathematical models and algorithms for geometrical products specification and metrology, including geometric shape, tolerancing, and surface texture analysis, filtration and parametric characterisation; and optical interferometry technology for fast on/in-line surface/geometry measurement, including wavelength scanning interferometry, dispersive spectra interferometry and optical chip interferometry. Besides this, she enjoys philosophical research in these subject areas, successfully leading a “Paradigm Shifts Review in Surface Metrology” (Proc. Roy. Soc. A, 2007) and a 2011 Royal Society Discussion Meeting “Ultra Precision Engineering – from Physics to Manufacturing” (Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A 2012). Jane has published over 330 papers, is the author/co-author of 8 books and has several patents in the field of measurement science/surface metrology. She held a prestigious European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Investigator Grant between 2009-2015 and is a principle member of ISO/TC 213 and BSI TW/4, as well as an Advisory Member for the UK National Measurement System. Jane was awarded a Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award and the Outstanding Asian Woman of Achievement Award in 2006. She is a Fellow of Royal Academy of Engineering (FREng 2012), a Fellow of the Institute of Engineering Technologies (FIET 2006), a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA 2006), a Fellow of the International Academy of Production Research / Collège International pour la Recherche en Productique (FCIRP, 2011) and a Fellow of the International Society for Nano-manufacturing (2013). She became a Freeman of the City of London in 2013, a Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Scientific Instrument Makers in 2013 and was awarded the Sir Harold Hartley Medal in 2014 for her outstanding contribution to the technology of measurement and control.

Research Interest

One part of Jane’s research is to create radical new thinking as to what the fundamental building blocks of a next generation surface texture-characterization system are and apply that thinking to non-Euclidean surfaces and deterministic structured surfaces. The research focus on: (1) Generalising the Euclidean concept of “wavelength” to Non-Euclidean surfaces to decompose the surface into different meaningful scales associated with the manufacture process, including Non-Euclidean surface representations; (2) Gaussian diffusion filtering for Non-Euclidean surface, Wavelet Filtering and Morphological Component Analysis; (3) Developing novel intelligent adaptive sampling strategy for deterministic surfaces; and (4) Creating enabling optical principles and technologies to resolve the surface measurement and quality control problems and developing embedded optical metrology, in-process measurement technology and instrumentation. Another focus is carrying out research inspired by the real demands and uses of the manufacturing industry, with a particular focus on metrology – the precise measurement and verification of items passing through the production process. As manufacturing makes a shift towards intelligent, digital systems, new technology is required to ensure that factory systems remain reliable while designing, producing and verifying high value products. Jane’s research brings together modern mathematics and optics to create sensor hardware and bespoke software, with a new approach to hierarchical design and metrology. Building on her experience in the automotive industry and over 20 years’ research in measurement science, Jane’s research will form the backbone of autonomous manufacturing infrastructure over the next thirty years. Jane has published more than 330 papers; with key publications in the following major journals: Philosophy Transaction of the Royal Society A, Proceedings of the Royal Society A, Applied Optics, Optical Letters, Optical Express, Review Scientific Instruments, Measurement Science and Technology, CIRP Manufacturing Technology, Precision Engineering, Wear, Proceedings of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers and Tribology Letters & Transactions. She has author/co-authored/edited eight books, three special issue journals and seven conference proceedings on measurement science and manufacturing research. She has been awarded over £13.9 million of funding to support her research as a principal investigator.


  • Lou, S., Zeng, W., Abdul-Rahman, H., Jiang, X. and Scott, P. (2017) ‘A Novel Surface Characterisation Strategy for the X-ray Computed Tomography Measurement of Complex Additively Manufactured Parts’. In: Dimensional X-ray Computed Tomography Conference, 13 July 2017, University of Warwick, UK

  • Gao, F. and Jiang, X. (2017) ‘Environmental robust interferometry for online/in-process surface inspection’. In: The 2nd International Forum on Surface and Microscopy, 7-9 August 2017, Harbin, China

  • Liu, Y., Huang, S., Zhang, Z., Gao, N., Gao, F. and Jiang, X. (2017) ‘Full-field 3D shape measurement of discontinuous specular objects by direct phase measuring deflectometry’ Scientific Reports , 7 (10293). ISSN 2045-2322

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