Materials Science

Materials Science Experts

Caroline Gl Cao

Wright State University
United States of America


PhD, Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, 2002 Technology Management Certificate, Politecnico Di Milano, Italy & Helsinki University of Technology, Finland, 1999 MSc, Kinesiology (motor control), Simon Fraser University, 1996 Post-Baccalaureate Diploma in Ergonomics, Simon Fraser University, 1994 BSc, Biochemistry (major; co-op program), Kinesiology (minor), Simon Fraser University,1990

Research Interest

Haptics in Medical and Industrial Applications Sensors Design and Development Robotic Surgery Human Factors Issues in Medicine


  • Chellali, A., Zhang, L., Sankaranarayanan, G., Cao, C.G.L. (2014). Validation of the VBLaST peg transfer task: A first step towards an alternate training standard. Surgical Endoscopy, 28(10), 2856-2862.

  • Zhang, L., Sankaranarayanan, G., Arikatla, V., Ahn, W., Grosdemouge, C., Rideout, J., Epstein, S., De, S., Schwaitzberg, S., Jones, D., Cao, C.G.L. (2013). Characterizing the learning curve of the VBLaST (Virtual Basic Laparoscopic Skill Trainer). Surgical Endoscopy, 27(10), 3603-3615.

  • Chellali, A., Ahn, W., Sankaranarayanan, G., Flinn, J.T., Schwaitzberg, S.D., Jones, D.B., De, S., Cao, C.G.L. (2014). Preliminary evaluation of the pattern cutting and the ligating loop virtual laparoscopic trainers. Surgical Endoscopy, 29(4), 815-821.

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